Cocaine Addiction: Signs, Symptoms and Rehab Treatment

Cocaine is a strong stimulant that is mainly used recreationally. It can be snorted, smoked or dissolved and injected. It usually comes in a powder form, diluted and cut with substances like talc, baking soda or flour or made into small lumps or rocks that make a ‘cracking’ noise when burnt.

Common street names for cocaine include coke, crack, freebase, blow, snow, powder, nose candy, nuggets, rocks, sleet and gravel.

Cocaine Abuse: Key Facts

  • Cocaine is the second most commonly used drug in the UK after cannabis
  • A report from the Office for National Statistics revealed there were 432 deaths related to cocaine use in 2017, almost quadruple the figure from 2011
  • An estimated 875,000 people in England and Wales used the drug in 2017
  • Since 2016, deaths from cocaine in England and Wales have increased by 16%
  • The age of cocaine users is on the rise and since 2010, deaths from cocaine have increased by 138% amongst those aged 50-69 and by 46% amongst those aged 40-49. In contrast they have dropped by 34% amongst those aged 20-29
  • The UK has the highest rate of cocaine use for young adults in Europe, with 4.2% (1 in 24) people aged 15-34 admitting to taking the drug in the last 12 months.

Effects Of Cocaine Addiction

  • The short-term effects of cocaine include:
  • A powerful high
  • Feeling on top of the world, alert and confident
  • Feeling arrogant, over-confident and aggressive
  • Risk taking
  • Raised body temperature and increased heart rate
  • Reduced appetite
  • A long ‘comedown’ or crash where you feel flu-like, run down and depressed – this can last for days

The effects of cocaine usually last just 20-30 minutes, so it can be tempting to take more to avoid the crash.

Signs And Symptoms Of Abuse

The long-term effects of cocaine abuse can include:

  • The brain adapting to the presence of the drug and feeling negative or stressed when not taking it
  • Developing tolerance so you need higher doses to recreate the initial pleasurable high
  • Developing sensitisation where you could experience anxiety or convulsions
  • Snorting cocaine regularly can cause nosebleeds, loss of sense of smell, swallowing problems and an inflamed septum which can lead to a chronically runny nose
  • Smoking crack damages your lungs and can make asthma worse
  • If you inject you’re at risk of contracting HIV, Hep C and other infectious diseases
  • Allergic reactions to the drug or additives found in street cocaine
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss and malnourishment
  • Toxic effects on your cardiovascular system and chest pain
  • Increased risk of stroke and seizures
  • Increased risk of developing movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease
  • Neurological problems and impairment of cognitive functions such as memory

So what signs should you look out for if you suspect a loved one is using cocaine? Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms of abuse:

  • Runny nose
  • Excitability
  • Increased confidence
  • Dilated pupils
  • Mood swings
  • Weight loss
  • Changes in eating and sleeping patterns
  • Nosebleeds
  • White powder residue around nose and mouth
  • Increasingly talkative
  • Loss of interest in hobbies, friends etc
  • Social isolation
  • Deterioration in personal hygiene
  • Financial difficulties
  • Increased need for privacy
  • Spoons, plastic bags, razor blades or other drug paraphernalia in their room or clothing

It’s important to remember that there could be other reasons behind many of these symptoms, so monitor behaviour but try not to jump to conclusions.

Treating Cocaine Addiction

When it comes to treatment for cocaine addiction, private rehab is the best option. At Primrose Lodge we offer a holistic treatment programme for cocaine addiction which meets your physical, emotional, mental and spiritual needs. Rehabilitation for coke addiction begins with a medical drug detox, where the body is flushed of all drug-related substances. We provide a supervised medical detox and support throughout withdrawal, to help manage your symptoms.

Because every addict experiences withdrawal differently, your treatment programme will be tailored to suit your needs. After making it through detox and withdrawal with the 24/7 support of our clinical team, you will receive a combination of group and one-on-one therapy, as well as other therapy to suit your individual needs, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). This can help get to the root cause of your addiction and prevent you from relapsing. Our staff can also provide assistance with nutrition and exercise to help you stay healthy as you recover, as well as advice to help you get a better night’s sleep.

Even after you have successfully completed treatment in rehab, the temptation to return to using cocaine can persist, which is why aftercare is so important. We offer 12 months of aftercare free to anybody successfully completing treatment at Primrose Lodge. We also recommend joining a fellowship group where you can receive support from others going through a similar experience

Withdrawal Symptoms

Cocaine withdrawal can bring with them uncomfortable symptoms which can be hard to manage on your own. At our private cocaine rehab, our clinical medical team will manage your detox and we may prescribe medication to help provide relief from your symptoms to ensure you are as comfortable as possible.

Going ‘cold turkey’ from cocaine can lead to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, so you may be prescribed a substitute medication which you will be tapered off slowly, to minimise your symptoms. We recommend a minimum of 28 days as an inpatient in treatment to ensure that you receive the treatment you need after withdrawal and detoxification. This helps reduce your risk of relapse and can help you to learn strategies to cope with cravings once you are back in the real world.

Get Help Today

It is never too late to seek treatment for cocaine addiction, however long you have been using the drug. Our expert clinical team and counsellors work together to provide a holistic treatment programme that can help you to kick your addiction and stay on the road to a healthy, drug-free future. To find out more about the services we offer at Primrose Lodge and how we can help you, just get in touch with us.

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Call Now 0203 553 9263
Call Now 0203 553 9263

Call Now 0203 553 9263

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  • Surrey GU3 3RF